Raspberry Pi Pico Tips and Tricks

Friday 1 March 2024

Blinking the LED on the Raspberry Pi Pico (Works on both boards!)


Universal LED Blink

The on-board LED on the original Pico corresponds with GPIO pin 25, but this was changed to be connected to one of the GPIO pins from the wireless chip (CYW43439) on the Pico W. The examples used in the Raspberry Pi Pico Tips and Tricks book use code suitable for the Pico W and to adapt any of that code for the Pico we need to change ‘LED’ for 25 in the following code example;

from machine import Pin
led = Pin('LED', Pin.OUT)

However, as responsible engineers with an eye to the foibles of uncertain hardware changes, it might be useful if we had some code that would allow us to illuminate the LED independent of which board we were using. Well good news, we can utilise the board class of functions that will allow us to determine just which type of Pico we are using and this will let us set the LED pin appropriately. The following code demonstrates this;

from machine import Pin
from board import Board
import time

BOARD_TYPE = Board().type
print("Board type: " + BOARD_TYPE)

if BOARD_TYPE == Board.BoardType.PICO_W:
    led = Pin("LED", Pin.OUT)
elif BOARD_TYPE == Board.BoardType.PICO:
    led = Pin(25, Pin.OUT)

while (True):

Don't forget, if you're looking for the book 'Raspberry Pi Pico Tips and Tricks'. You can download it for free (or donate if you wish) from here.

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